Software Development Team Roles and Responsibilities

03 NOV

Since nobody has specific knowledge, it’s sometimes necessary to onboard a new team member in the middle of the project. More and more software projects are successfully implemented with the help of outsourcing. Some of the tools which are used by a project manager are Kissflow Project, Trello, Workzone, Zoho Projects, Wrike, Proofhub, and other ALM software as well. You can mix specialists and generalists together to get the best of both worlds.

software development team roles

Of course, this is only necessary when your product requires ML-based or blockchain functionalities. Great communication skills are an important soft skill for any software engineer. For all teams, you need a product owner and developers, as well as key stakeholders.


The Product Owner is the person responsible for solving product and end-user issues, as well as operating and improving the product to achieve the company’s goals and visions. All PO decisions must be based on actual data, in order to maximize return on investment and determine product features. PO defines business strategies, form product visions and manage product backlogs based on a balance of both business needs and market trends.

software development team roles

One of the most important tasks for the DevOps team is deploying the software program. They plan the deployment process and ensure that the software launches smoothly. After the software launch, the DevOps team keeps the software program running securely and smoothly. The backend development team works on the behind-the-scenes functionality of the software program.

To sum up, a success of your project starts with deciding what kind of team you want to build. Whether it should consist of specialists that have a deep knowledge of their subject, a versatile group of generalists that have some knowledge across various fields or a mix of both. Then you need to determine the size of your team, keeping in mind what your choice entails.

Agile Team Roles and Responsibilities: A Brief Guide

These tasks usually involve hands-on work on prototype development, code contributions, or technological assessment. QA specialists are responsible for the proper functioning of the product as they make sure there are no errors and bugs that cause product malfunctioning. As well, the QA team is responsible for product security which is crucial for any software product. It will then be up to the designer to do market research and come up with the most suitable solution that will stand out from the competition. Such a person is close to that of an analyst and concentrates on a product and its features.

software development team roles

Accompany the customer throughout the entire software development process to clear up any questions, propose improvements, define the scope and prioritize it, and provide technological solutions. Release management – The sprint is not a release cycle, but instead a planning cycle. Ideally, they would deliver frequently throughout the sprint allowing the sprint review to review real customer usage and feedback. However continuous delivery is not always possible and other release models are required. It is important for the product owner to know when things can and should be released. Managing the scrum backlog – This does not mean that they are the only one putting in new product backlog Items into the backlog.

In smaller teams, the product owner can double as a scrum master or team leader. In larger teams you’ll want a separate person to adopt that role, otherwise, the workload could simply become too great. The solution architect is responsible for the overall design of a solution, meaning its technical implementation.

Do you need to have your own software architect?

However, since all of them possess the same knowledge, it can be challenging to resolve issues outside their expertise. Based on the company’s decision, the team can follow different software development life cycle models. It can be the waterfall model, V model, or the Agile methodology, among others. Many organizations around the world are transferring their IT and software development operations to third parties. For most of them, thinking about outsourcing is an issue of efficiency and focus.

  • They act like a team facilitator and are responsible for addressing any problems that may hinder the development team from delivering on product goals.
  • Waterfall teams, in turn, are usually quite large and may span up to 15 people.
  • In cases when the tech lead is not necessary, a senior developer will often assume a leadership role.
  • In this article, we’re going to take a look at how you can build an effective software development team and what these roles should look like.
  • The business is represented by the product owner who tells the development what is important to deliver.
  • The main responsibility of a DevOps engineer is building a project infrastructure and setting up CI/CD (continuous integration/continuous delivery) pipelines.

You might ask yourself, “What does a software development team do anyway that I need so many people? They verify an application from different angles — be it functionality, usability, security, or performance . And experienced QA engineers design and implement quality assurance processes and procedures that help prevent defects at later stages of development.

A software architect works closely with other project team members with the ultimate goal of delivering a successful product. For once, they write code similarly to a developer’s but focus on standards reinforcement rather than building software parts. A UX/UI designer in the development team is a person who is responsible for the look and feel of the application. While some clients can overlook the importance of good design, numerous studies confirm that even the smallest details can play a significant role in the number of conversions and user engagement.

Establish clear roles and goals

There’s a lot of overlap in these two roles, and depending on the size of the project they could be condensed into one. They need to be creative and have lots of ideas to help them devise a product that matches the client’s brief. They also need to be analytical, as their role involves data-driven decision-making.

Some of the tools which are used by software testers are Selenium, TestingWhiz, TestComplete, Katalon Studio, Postman, Jira, Apache JMeter, etc. On the other hand, a bigger team can accomplish many tasks in a timeframe. The potential issue lies in how to effectively communicate and collaborate with many people. Nonetheless, you can use these key factors to determine the size of your team. A generalist team is composed of professionals with a wide range of skills and expertise.

software development team roles

And those who meet or exceed their goals should be recognized and rewarded to keep motivation levels high. QAA Engineers write automated tests – small programs that run in the background and constantly test your application, so if something goes wrong, you will know what immediately. How We Deliver Discover the Agile process that makes 98% of tech executives recommend us. Information Technology Custom solutions and integrations for products in need of innovation. We will process your personal information in accordance with our Privacy Policy.

Test engineer or QA engineer (TE or QA)

A business analyst is accountable for comprehending business needs into requirements and making sure they are documented perfectly before a compound is formed and implemented. They describe, analyze and control technology and business needs throughout the cycle. They accompany the consumer so that they don’t have any software development team roles doubt about the project. They make decisions and carry out meetings of the project’s methodology. Some tools which are used by Business Analysts are Jira and Confluence, Pencil, Google Doc, Trello, Balsamiq, etc. The main duty of the QA analyst or tester is to make sure that quality assurance requirements are met.

How Do You Build a Good Software Development Team?

Intuitive navigation and a seamless user experience may increase your conversion rate by 400%. Life at Google is a thrilling YouTube channel packed with great videos about Googlers and insights from one of the most powerful IT corporations in the world. Check out this channel for an explanation of what business analysts do. But any project needs a project manager, no matter if it consists of two or 200 specialists.

Project manager

If they invest their time in quality assurance, your time to market may be greatly extended. User interface designers are responsible for the overall visual look of the program. They must choose an appropriate style, content, and other such items.

Do you need a complete development team?

Working as a tester of websites or mobile applications entails testing items to guarantee that clients receive the easiest, most intelligible, and most productive services that are free of defects. This individual is in charge of product quality control if the various software tiers are performing as expected. A software architect or analyst is a common title for such an expert. Great product owners are empowered, knowledgeable, empathetic, available, and decisive. As you can see, while some positions are possible to merge, others will make an explosive mixture that will damage the final outcome. Try to avoid combining roles or make sure to invest enough time in project development.